Nafasi za kazi Tanzania: Making Policies Work for Smallholder Farmers Job Opportunity at SNV
Title: Making Policies Work for Smallholder Farmers
SNV is implementing a two-year project called Transforming Agricultural Markets (TAM), which started in August 2018, and is funded by UKAID. The TAM project aims to improve livelihoods and economic opportunity for smallholder farmers by empowering them to effect changes in the dairy and sunflower market systems through engaging with government and private sector providers.
This short-term consultancy assignment focuses on the rationalisation and harmonisation of the dairy sub- sector regulations for premise inspection and product testing with the aim of improving sub-sector competitiveness, and increasing employment opportunities and dairy smallholder farmer income.
SNV, Netherlands Development Organization is an international, not-for-profit, development organization, working in 36 of the poorest countries worldwide, including 17 countries in Sub Saharan Africa. We focus on achieving impact in Agriculture; Energy; and Water, Sanitation & Hygiene. By sharing our specialist expertise in Agriculture; Energy; and Water, Sanitation & Hygiene, our global team of local and international advisors works with local partners to equip communities, businesses and organisations with the tools, knowledge and connections they need to increase their incomes and gain access to basic services – empowering them to break the cycle of poverty and guide their own development.
The TAM project Theory of Change is that by working with citizens, private sector and government at sub-national level on specific, actor-led systems issues to produce data and facilitate stakeholder analysis the project can broaden understanding, build consensus, and strengthen accountability relationships for collective action to: i) make existing policies work at the local level, and to provide empirical and ii) provide written evidence for national level policy dialogue and reforms. The project aims at achieving the following impact and outcomes:
Impact: Improved livelihoods of SHFs and SMEs in the dairy and sunflower market systems Long term
outcome: Increased access and inclusiveness to basic services (production, financial, capacity services) and strengthened business environment for SHFs and agribusinesses in dairy and sunflower
a) Increased responsiveness of Government to the issues of smallholder farmers and SMEs. This outcome will be achieved through the following outputs:
b) Increased collective actions of stakeholders for the improvement of access to basic services and entitlements, and business environment. This outcome will be achieved through the following
The TAM project focuses on making policies work for SHF and SMEs by enhancing good governance, accountability and responsiveness by government, local organisations and stakeholders in dairy and sunflower market systems.
Within the dairy market system, the project intervenes in two key result areas:
i) making cooperatives functional and ii) harmonization of regulations. In functional cooperatives the project works with 22 dairy cooperatives in Siha and Hai districts to improve delivery of services to dairy farmers through building accountability relations between cooperatives, government and private sector.
The project also works with national level actors through the National Task Force NTF lead by TAMPA to harmonise regulations in the dairy subsector in order to create an enabling business environment for a competitive dairy sector in Tanzania. The NTF members include representatives from TDB, TBS, OSHA, MIT, ML&F, TF Ltd, ASAS Dairies & TAMPA.
TAM approach aims for systemic change in targeted markets through evidence-based advocacy based on practical experience and research and sharing of data/information and evidence in a transparent way. TAM also promotes collaboration between public, private, and civil society sectors through multi-stakeholder processes and platforms, working groups, coalitions, and alliances. TAM interventions are solution-oriented aiming at addressing system issues in the sector and support stakeholder to jointly develop feasible improvements and concrete solutions.
In addition to capacity strengthening, the project supports the boundary and strategic partners in enhancing their voices to communicate key messages to a wider public in order to raise awareness about what is transpiring in the market systems, to advocate and lobby for good governance especially accountability in the delivery of services and enhancing conducive business enabling environment.
Recently the government has carried out several policy reforms to improve the business environment. These efforts include the merger of TBS and TFDA to form one organisation leading to the reduction of duplication of similar functions. The government has also made efforts to reduce regulations in the dairy sector from 38 to 28. However, TAMPA through NTF has continued with their efforts to advocate for the further reduction of the regulations and improvement of the regulatory framework in the dairy sector. In view of these efforts, the government has asked TAMPA to provide further evidence on existing regulations which are still making the sector uncompetitive. In addition to this, the government has also asked TAMPA to provide a comprehensive report, backed with clear evidence of the impact of VAT zero rating of dairy inputs. The report on VAT zero rating will be tendered by government to the parliament to support the debate on changing the legislation on VAT zero-rating of dairy inputs.
It is therefore against this background that SNV is seeking the services of an independent consultant to provide support to TAMPA and the NTF to identify regulations and evidence of the negative impacts in the sector and recommendations to government on harmonising these regulations. The consultancy is also required to support TAMPA and its members to develop evidence required to VAT zero-rate inputs for the dairy sector.
3.0. Purpose and objective of the assignment
The purpose of the assignment is to produce evidence for policy reform of the existing dairy regulations and VAT zero rating of dairy inputs. The aim is to identify the negative impact of the remaining regulations in the dairy sector and how these regulations could be further harmonised. The assignment also intends to gather key information and evidence from dairy stakeholders required to support the re-introduction of VAT zero rating of dairy industry inputs for collection, transportation, bulking and processing, which was removed in 2017. The assignment also aim to contribute to the achievement of the overall objective of the National Blueprint for Regulatory Reforms to Improve the Business Enabling Environment in Tanzania, i.e. the improvement of the business environment in Tanzania through the reduction of the regulatory burdens and risks faced by business in complying with regulations.
The objective of the assignment is to provide TAMPA and the Dairy Sector National Task Force with an analysis of regulatory challenges and evidence-based report with clear recommendations with respect to existing regulations and the re-introduction of zero rating of dairy industry inputs for lobbying and advocacy for reforms.
4.0. Scope of work
The assignment will involve mainly desk research and consultations with key dairy stakeholders directly related to the two issues – negative impact of regulations and zero rating for dairy inputs. The consultant will engage and collect information from a selected number of milk processors, regulatory authorities, relevant ministries in Dodoma, key resource persons and organisations. The consultant will also organise validation sessions in Dodoma with key stakeholders on the results of the study. To realize the objective the consultant is required to: a) produce an inception report detailing the proposed methodology and report formats and b) undertake the following key activities with related deliverables:
Key Activity 1: Develop a synthesis of analyses and recommendations of the existing dairy regulations and regulatory overlaps which still impact negatively the dairy subsector.
The consultant will:
i. Carry out a literature review and analysis of existing regulations, covering both policy (de jure) and practice (de facto) perspectives.
ii. Gather data and information from key stakeholders on the impact of existing regulations on key factors such as: operational costs (time and cost of compliance), competitiveness and investment planning for diversifying and/or expanding production and for backward linkages (e.g. through contract farming) into dairy production
iii. Gather recommendations from key stakeholders on the regulations which could be fast tracked for change or elimination
iv. Clear articulation of the short term (low hanging fruits) regulatory reform or harmonisation relatively quickly; time and cost of compliance are to be given specific attention.
v. Produce a synthesis of the findings and recommendations, which take into consideration the objectives and principles of the Government of Tanzania’s Blueprint for Business Environment
vi. Organise validation session with key stakeholders to provide inputs and comments on the final recommendations to government to change or eliminate negative regulations
vii. Support TAMPA and NTF to present to responsible minister the recommendations for eliminating or reforming current regulation which impacts the sector negatively.
Deliverables: A synthesised report of not more than 20 pages on the negative impact of existing regulations on the dairy industry and it development, with clear recommendations and how the
recommendations would be addressed.
Key Activity 2: Produce a comprehensive evidence-based report on the impact of removing VAT zero rating of dairy inputs, to be submitted to parliament
i. Using the synthesis of findings from consultations with TAMPA on existing relevant VAT zero rating documentations, relevant data collection and analysis from other relevant dairy stakeholders prepare a draft comprehensive report on zero rating of dairy inputs including but not limited to the criteria:
ii. Organise validation sessions and receive inputs to improve the final version of the VAT zero- rating report on dairy inputs
iii. Provide recommendations for quick wins and medium-term policy changes for VAT zero rating on dairy inputs on improved business environment.
iv. Provide TAMPA and stakeholders to present the report to the relevant parliamentary committee for tabling.
Deliverables: A comprehensive report (not exceeding 20 pages) on VAT zero rating of dairy inputs to be presented to parliamentary committee.
Key activity 3: Produce a policy paper on reforming and eliminating regulations with negative impact to the dairy sector as well as VAT zero rating on dairy industry inputs.
i. Draft the policy paper based on the above synthesis of analyses and recommendations for the negative regulations and VAT zero rating on dairy inputs.
ii. Prepare and present a power-point presentation on the main points of the policy papers to the Dairy National Task Force,
iii. Finalise the policy paper based on the feedback from the NTF and the TAM team.
Deliverables: 1) Policy paper (not exceeding 4 pages) on reforming and elimination of negatively impacting regulations and 2). Policy paper (not exceeding 4pages) on VAT zero rating on dairy inputs.
The consultant will propose a methodology for the assignment and provide justification of the proposed methodology. It is suggested that the methodology should include, but is not limited to the following:
i. Face-to-face discussions with key TAM project staff to create a common understanding on the assignment and its deliverables
ii. A desktop review of relevant project, TAMPA reports, dairy regulations
iii. Interviews and focus groups discussions with TAMPA, the National Task Force members, Ministry of Industries, Ministry of Livestock, dairy processors, Regulatory authorities,
6.0. Time Frame and reporting
The assignment period is for a total not exceeding 25 working days, delivered within the period 10th Nov 2019 to 15th Dec 2019
The consultant will work under the direction of and report to the TAM Project Manager, Mr Tom Ole Sikar.
7.0. Competence required
The consultant must clearly demonstrate skills and experience for this assignment in:
• More than 10 years’ experience in livestock and dairy industry development in East Africa, including Tanzania
• Proven experience in livestock and dairy policy analysis and development,
• Proven experience on collaborating with government on harmonising dairy regulations and laws,
• Good understanding of the Blue-Print for harmonising regulations in Tanzania,
• Experience in governance and development projects are an added advantage.
• Proven ability to produce high quality analysis and documentation, including political economy analysis
Applicants are advised that applications will be evaluated using the following criteria:
9.0. Applicants are requested to submit:
A. An application letter
B. The CV of the registered consultant and CVS for key personnel and clearly specified roles for team members, where applicable
C. A sample of a previous similar scope of work produced by the consultant within the last 24 months.
D. Names and contact details for at least three relevant references
E. Mandatory requirements: copies of:
• Tax Identification Number (TIN);
• The completed and filled Conflict of Interest Statement
Please submit your Expression of Interest entitled “Evidence-based VAT Zero Rating and Impact of Negative Regulations in Dairy – TAM Project” in the subject line and email to: email@example.com no later than 17:00 hrs on Monday 08th November 2019.