|UN Women, grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls, the empowerment of women, and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security. UN Women has a universal mandate that encompasses a normative, an operational/programmatic as well as a coordination role, all of which are closely linked with its unique structure. At the core of its mandate, UN Women plays a leading role in supporting governments in delivering on their gender equality and women’s empowerment (GEWE) commitments in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In Tanzania, UN Women supports strengthening of women’s leadership and meaningful participation in political and governance systems, women’s economic empowerment, and ending violence against women and girls to contribute to tangible differences in their lives.
In Tanzania, UN Women works with other UN agencies within one UN system for delivery as one, under the overarching United Nations Development Assistance Plan 2016 – 2022 (UNDAP II), which is aligned with and contributes to Tanzania’s national priorities and commitments. Under the UNDAP Outcome “Underserved populations in Tanzania benefit from a more gender-responsive, conducive business environment, with improved opportunities for decent and productive employment”, UN Women contributes to inclusive and gender-responsive economic growth by supporting outputs including: 1) Relevant MDA and selected LGAs have strengthened capacities to review and implement evidence-based economic policies and plans to be business-enabling, environmentally sustainable and gender–responsive; 2) Relevant institutions have enhanced capacities to provide gender-responsive, market-oriented, quality programmes, products and services; and 3) Micro, small, medium and large enterprises, in particular those led by women and youth, have strengthened capacities to increase productivity, add value to their products and access markets. UN Women also supports advocacy initiatives to increase and improve women’s participation in the economy and activities to enhance capacities of women and female youth farmers to apply environment-friendly and adaptive techniques and practices for their livelihood activities.
In line with the UNDAP II as well as internationally agreed normative standards, UN Women Tanzania’s Strategic Note (SN) for the period 2017-2022 lays out the agency’s unique role and comparative advantage in supporting national stakeholders in advancing gender equality and the empowerment of women by strengthening women’s leadership and participation in political and governance systems, gender statistics, implementation of global gender norms and standards, ending violence against women and girls, and women’s economic empowerment. To promote women’s economic empowerment including income security, decent work and economic autonomy, UN Women’s interventions address: policy and strategy-level support including enhancing capacities of policy makers and Local Government authorities in implementation of policies and strategies in selected economic sectors; removing financing barriers and capacitating women to invest in climate smart agriculture; and promoting opportunities and capacities of women farmers to move up the value chain and green agricultural supply chains.
Background/Context for required services/results.
To contribute to delivering of the UNDAP II and its aligned Strategic Note of UN Women Tanzania, in September 2020, UN Women and UNFPA in Tanzania launched a 3-year Joint Programme, entitled “Realizing Gender Equality through Empowering Women and Adolescent Girls”, in Ikungi District of Singida Region and Msalala District of Shinyanga Region by support from the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA).
The Joint Programme supports ongoing efforts and commitment by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, in alignment with the Agriculture Sector Development Plan (ASDP) II, National Plan of Action to End Violence Against Women and Children (NPAVAWC 2017/18 – 2021/22), and the Village Land Act to advance gender equality and end poverty by improving women’s economic empowerment, agricultural transformation, ending all forms of violence and harmful practices against women and children, and strengthening village land use planning.
The objective of the programme is to enhance social and economic status of women and adolescent girls in both districts by: 1) empowering women and female youth farmers economically; and 2) enhancing the capacity of the sub-national actors and community to prevent and respond to gender-based violence (GBV), including harmful practices.
The expected results of the programme are:
Outcome 1: Women and female youth farmers empowered economically.
Outcome 2: Enhanced capacity of sub-national and community to prevent and respond to Gender Based Violence (GBV) including harmful practices.
In these two outcome areas, UN Women is responsible for delivery of Outcome 1, largely at Ikungi District in Singida Region and at a smaller scale at Msalala District in Shinyanga Region, in addition to supporting Police Gender and Children’s Desks at Ikungi District and Singida Region.
The joint programme is expected to directly benefit about 2,350 adult women (above 24 years old), female youth (15 – 24 years old) and adolescent girls (12 – 14 years old) in both districts. Among these age groups, UN Women targets adult women and female youths over 15 years old for their economic empowerment activities. In addition, a total of 6,000 women and men in four villages (Mnang’ana, Kipumbwiko, Irisya, and Munyu) located in Ikungi District will benefit from the land tenure security intervention that will support the villages to develop the village land use plans and to acquire Certificates of Customary Rights of Occupancy (CCROs).
At the upstream level, UN Women and UNFPA will collaborate with the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children, President’s Office – Regional Administration and Local Government (PORALG), Ministry of Land Housing and Human Settlements Development, National Land Use Planning Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Tanzania Police Force, and other stakeholders. At the sub-national level, both agencies will work with the Ikungi and Msalala District Councils and selected non-government organizations (NGOs).
General Overview of services required/results.
To contribute to achieve Outcome 1: empowering women and female youth farmers economically, UN Women delivers interventions in three output areas: 1) Increased capacity of women and female youth farmers to apply Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) in sunflower and horticulture farming for higher yields; 2) Increased collective marketing capacity of women and female youth farmers; and 3) Enhanced land tenure security and economic agency of women and female youth within the enabling households and the wider community. The theory of change of Outcome 1 is that: if their agricultural capacity including access to and utilization of knowledge, inputs and technologies are strengthened; if women have improved access to productive resources, particularly land and finance; and if positive awareness and attitudes on women’s economic entitlements are enhanced in households and the community, women will become empowered economically. The community sensitization will help achieve the project results by ensuring that community members become aware on women’s economic rights and shared domestic responsibilities in issues related to agriculture, land and GBV.
Target villages in Ikungi District of project’s different thematic interventions including sensitization are listed below with the Year 1 target beneficiaries in each village.
Specifically, population and land registration status of the four targeted villages are:
Most of the women and men farmer groups and Government officials in Singida Region revealed that decisions regarding selling of agricultural produce and cash income are primarily made by husbands. They also stressed that spouse’s economic violence (income related gender-based violence) is common in the harvest season with husbands often taking the cash income earned from women’s/family’s agricultural produce and spending it on their own leisure purposes. This economic violence, in conjunction with domestic physical violence, directly hampers women’s and families’ wellbeing as well as women’s willingness and incentives for productive and economic activities.
Regarding unpaid domestic and care work, women shoulder most of the responsibility for these tasks, using their most of the afternoon time in the target locations. Women work in the farm in the morning (6:30 – 11:00) after taking care of their children to get to school in the early morning. Women come back home to prepare lunch and then they use their afternoon time for domestic and care work including preparing meals for family, fetching water, cleaning, and others. Men work in the farm in the morning and after lunch, they go back to the farm or graze the livestock. Resting time of men during a day was much longer than that of women. Time availability for project engagement was for Christian women and men: Wednesday 15:00 – 17:00 and Saturday 14:00 – 18:00; for Muslim women on Saturday and Sunday 13:00 – 15:00; and for Muslim men: Wednesday 13:00 – 16:00.
Women collect firewood on their way back and to the farm and fetch the water that takes one hour on foot on average. They expressed willingness to invest in and adopt the improved cooking stove and rainwater harvesting.
Given women’s heavy burden of productive activities and domestic work within the families, without promoting an enabling environment within the households and wider communities to support women’s economic contribution and agency, achieving women’s economic empowerment will be difficult. In this regard, the project plans to sensitize the communities on the economic benefits of equal and collaborative gender partnerships, participatory household planning and decision-making, and women’s economic rights. These benefits will be promoted by male gender champions/leaders and their wives from each village who can demonstrate the positive power of husband-wife cooperation to improve household livelihoods. Domestic and care work undertaken by women at the expense of their time for productive work will be also addressed to promote change in perceptions of gender roles and practices towards shared and collaborative domestic and care work responsibilities. The project will also link the village to the existing labor-saving technology (improved cooking stoves) aiming at reducing the actual time spent in collecting the firewood as well as promoting environmental sustainability.
The individual consultant should have expertise in community engagement and sensitization for awareness and behaviour change to support women’s economic agency and gender equality in the project localities in the Singida Region. To achieve Output 1.3: Enhanced land tenure security and economic agency of women and female youth within the enabling households and the wider community, the consultant is expected to deliver community sensitization and public advocacy activities in four target villages in Ikungi District. Other partners are contributing to the achievement of the other project outputs. The consultant will be required to collaborate with these project partners, namely the Ikungi DC, TAHA, and Farm Africa. The activities will be designed to promote women’s land rights, as well as collaborative intra-household planning and decision making including collaborative gender partnership and shared domestic and care responsibilities, by engaging with male and family gender champions. Overall, the outreach activities designed to promote economic agency and land rights of women and prevention and response to all forms of gender-based violence are expected to reach more than 40,000 people in both regions. Please refer to the complete Results Framework of the Joint Programme in Annex I.
This consultancy will directly contribute to achieving the following Outcome, Outputs, and indicators in the programme’s Results Framework:
Outcome 1: Women and female youth farmers empowered economically
Expected Outcome Indicator & Target:
% of married women who report on making major household decisions*, either by themselves or jointly with their husbands
*Independent or joint decisions over: 1) their own agricultural income; 2) their own/family agricultural production; 3) major household purchases; 4) their own health care; 5) number of children and birth spacing; 6) visits to their families and relatives; or 7) all six decisions.
Output 1.3: Enhanced land tenure security and economic agency of women and female youth within the enabling households and the wider community
Duties and Responsibilities
|1. Description of required services/results
The selected Consultant will be responsible for implementing the following community/ household sensitization activities, in coordination with UN Women and other project partners including Ikungi DC, TAHA and Farm Africa of UN Women, under Output 1.3: Enhanced land tenure security and economic agency of women and female youth within the enabling households and the wider community.
Activity 1.3.3: Sensitize the community, engaging with the male and family gender champions to prevent economic violence and promote women’s land rights, collaborative gender partnership, democratic decision-making, and shared domestic and care responsibilities. In undertaking this activity, the consultant will:.
i. Conduct training for members of four village councils on women’s land rights, collaborative gender partnership, democratic decision-making, and shared domestic and care responsibilities;
ii. Apply Gender Action Learning System (GALS) methodology in community sensitization in four target villages;
iii. Conduct a training session to capacitate women and male champions to engage in various forums and learning exchanges to advocate for their rights at the zonal and national in collaboration with the Ikungi District Council.
 Gender Action Learning System (GALS) developed and rolled out by Oxfam Novib with support from IFAD since 2008 is a community-led “household methodology/approach” that aims to give women and men more control over their personal, household, community and organizational development. It comprises role playing and visual tools to help farmers plan their lives and sustainable livelihoods. GALS is most often used to support farmers in more collaborative intra-household decision-making, and generally for development purposes (CGIAR, 2019). GALS review in 2011 co-financed by GIZ in the coffee value chain in Uganda demonstrated conclusively that the GALS has been remarkably powerful in unseating powerful cultural norms that have existed for generations. Remarkable life changes related to the division of both domestic and farm work, household decision-making, control and access to assets and services and decreases in alcohol abuse and violence were indicated (Oxfam Novib, 2014).
Activity 1.3.4: Expand the public advocacy on women’s agronomic and economic empowerment through community radio, brochures, and national events on Nane Nane (Farmers’ Day) and International Women’s Day with visibility for KOICA and the joint programme.
i. In collaboration with the UN Women and the Singida Radio station identified by UN Women, develop and roll-out Singida radio campaign series including themes described below;
ii. Promote Women’s land rights and overall village land registration process in close consultation with the Land Intervention Responsible Party (Government Entity) and UN Women in line with the information in the broachers developed by the Land Responsible Party;
iii. Develop key messages to promote women’s right in agricultural production, in this case in the Horticulture and Sunflower value chains and engage and collaborate with other project implementing partners Ikungi DC, TAHA and Farm Africa to improve gender-mainstreaming approaches/techniques to encourage inclusivity in their undertakings;
iv. Prepare messages on prevention and response to Gender-based Violence including Police Gender and Children’s Desk in Ikungi District and Singida Region that UN Women is supporting through the Police Force in this project;
v. Develop key campaign messages extracted from the community GALS engagement including benefits and exemplary stories of collaborative intra-household planning and decision-making and shared responsibilities of domestic and care work, and its benefits for family livelihoods, and positive awareness and behavioral change related to gender norms.
PARTNERSHIP CYCLE & DELIVERY PHASES
a) Selection phase:
2. Using this TOR as the basis for the proposed work, the candidates will develop proposed consultancy plans with budget, and submit the written technical and financial proposals to UN Women as part of the application process.
3. UN Women goes through due diligence procedures to assess the proposals and select the best candidate for the consultancy.
b) Consultant Contract:
4. UN Women generates the Consultant contract with the selected Consultant.
5. UN Women and the Consultant sign the contract and hold inception meeting to firm up expectations and develop a mutual understanding.
d) Coordination, Monitoring & Evaluation:
6. The UN Women Programme Manager will provide technical and managerial advice in close collaboration with the Consultant and will lead and facilitate coordination between interventions by different implementing partners by coordinating different components of the programme in the region.
7. The consultant will be expected to closely monitor the community sensitization actions and progress at the community level on a monthly basis. To this end, the consultant must submit to UN Women monitoring mission reports detailing community sensitization progress as observed during any monitoring visits. The costs of monitoring visits must also appear in the financial proposal.
DELIVERABLES AND INDICATIVE TIMELINE:
Below are the expected deliverables during project implementation over the three-month period:
Summary of fees and terms of payments:
10% – final proposal
10% – approved training manuals and training methodology
30% – training reports
10% – approved radio campaign and broadcasting strategy & content
10% – radio series and broadcasting monitoring report
10% – sustainability plan and handover training report
20% – final completion report
 All installment payments are subject to UN Women’s satisfactory review of the deliverables.
Required Skills and Experience
Master’s Degree in Sociology, Community Development, Development Studies, Gender, Social Work, Law, Journalism
Native in Swahili and fluent in English
Tanzania Citizen or permanent resident of Tanzania
Submission of Applications:
The interested consultant (s) should respond to this TOR by submitting to UN Women: